Spanish Verbs: The Infinitive And AR Verbs

Los verbos or Spanish Verbs come in two forms: regular and irregular. Luckily, there aren't that many irregular, main Spanish verbs. Other regular verbs fall under three categories: 'ar', 'er', & 'ir' verbs.

A verb's infinitive is its base form. In English, the verb 'to talk' is an infinitive. In Spanish, for example, the infinitive of 'to talk' is 'hablar'.

English Infinitive:Spanish Infinitive:
To talkHablar
English Conjugation:Spanish Conjugation:
I talkYo hablo - yoh ah-bloh
You talkTu hablas - too ah-blas
He talksEl habla - el ah-blah

A verb has to change to match the person speaking or the person to whom you are referring. If you are talking about yourself, you use one verb form, the 'Yo' form, a above. If you are talking about your brother Alberto, then you will use another, the 'El' from. Verbs have to agree with the subject.

The above are only examples, but take note on the first part of each under the Spanish Conjugation section. Notice how the verb is 'hablar', but that only the last part of the verb changes when it is conjugated. This is true for almost all members of the 'AR' family. They will be conjugated in the same way: keep the base of the verb (the first part) and conjugate (or change) the last part.FAMILY I:

The 'AR' family of verbs:

Subject:Verb ends in:
Yo-o
Tu-as
El, Ella, Usted (Ud.)-a
Nosotros-amos
Vosotros-ais
Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes (Uds.)-an

We can use the verb Hablar (to talk, speak) to help us see this conjugation in action.

HABLAR - ah-blar (to talk)Habl + ending
Subject:Verb Conjugation:
YoHablo
TuHablas
El, Ella, Ud.Habla
NosotrosHablamos
VosotrosHablais
Ellos, Ellas, Uds.Hablan

Now that you see the pattern, you can conjugate almost any verb that you come across that ends in 'ar'.

EXERCISE

Fill in the blank with the correct verb form.

  1. ****Yo _____ (hablar) con mi hermano. (I talk with my brother.)
  2. ****Tu _____ (mirar) el programa en la TV. (I watch the program on TV)
  3. ****El ______ (observar) los estudiantes malos. (He observes the bad students.)
  4. ****Nosotros _____ (andar) con nuestras abuelos. (We walk with our grandparents.)
  5. ****Ellos _____ (nadar) en el mar. (They swim in the ocean.)