An important part of learning the Spanish language is to understand who a noun is referring to and what that person or thing is doing (the verb). So, let's review quickly:
|Noun||a person, place, thing or idea|
|Adjective||a descriptive word that modifies the noun|
|Subject Pronouns||who the noun is referring (he, she, it, we, they, & you)|
|Verb||word that describes the action that is taking place|
OK. Now we are ready to move onward. Let's take a look at pronouns first.
Who are we talking about again?
Spanish speakers will always refer to the subject pronoun when they are talking. In English, sometimes it is understood. If you are in doubt while speaking Spanish, go ahead and use it. Again, the subject pronoun tells us who is doing the action.
|You||Tu – too|
|You (formal)||Usted -oo-stehd|
|He/She||El – ehl/ Ella – eh-yah|
|We (masculine/mixed group)||Nosotros – noh-soh-trohs|
|You All (informal/only used in Spain)||Vosotros – boh-soh-trohs|
|They (Masculine/mixed group)||Ellos – eh-yohs|
|They (feminine)||Ellas – eh-yahs|
|You All (formal)||Ustedes – oo-steh-dehs|
*In speech, we pronounce Usted and Ustedes completely. In writing, however, Usted becomes Ud. and Ustedes becomes Uds. When referring to a group of people, use the masculine, plural form (Ellos, Ustedes, Nosotros, etc). Each pronoun has its own time and place for usage.
You, in the formal sense (Usted/Ustedes) is used in a formal situation: to a stranger, a boss, a doctor, policeman, or to someone who might be older than you. You informal (Tu/Vosotros) can be used when talking to friends or relatives, in an informal situation, for example.
Ramon & Tito Ellos
Rebecca & Francesca Ellas
Group of Elderly Women Ustedes
Your brother Tu
Your cousin Alberto! Tu